/Islamic State’s Caliphate Is Gone, But Not Its Violent Extremism

Islamic State’s Caliphate Is Gone, But Not Its Violent Extremism

BEIRUT—The collapse of Islamic State’s caliphate has delivered a crushing blow to the extremist group, but the conditions that nourished that insurgency and others in war-shattered Syria and Iraq remain perilously in place.

Islamic State rose more than a decade ago from the ruins of Iraq by using public anger over poor governance, poverty and sectarian strife to draw recruits from marginalized communities. Iraq’s lawlessness offered fertile terrain for the insurgency to spread.